Vitamins : Characteristics and function of vitamins

Vitamins : Characteristics and function of vitamins:-The word vitamin come from the Latin word vita means life. Vitamin are organic component in food that are needed in very small amount for growth and for maintaining good health. Everybody must eat a certain amount of Vitamin to stay healthy. Vitamins are chemical found in very small amount in many different foods.

Vitamins : Characteristics and function of vitamins
Vitamins : Characteristics and function of vitamins

Characteristics

  • Vitamins are Required in small quantity in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body
  • Water soluble vitamins cannot be stored in human tissue. Their excess is excreted with urine
  • Significant amount of fat soluble vitamins can be stored in adipose tissue and the liver.
  • Synthetic vitamins are identical to natural vitamins.
  • Once growth and development are completed vitamins remain essential nutrient for the healthy maintenance of the cells, tissue, and organs.

Function of Vitamins

  1. They build up the resistance of the body against disease
  2. Prevent and cure various diseases caused by deficiency
  3. Help the digestion and utilization of mineral Salts and carbohydrates in the body.
  4. Stimulate and give strength to digestive and nervous system.
  5. Help health protection
  6. Help maintenance of proper health and normal growth.