Malaria: symptoms treatment and prevention

What is Malaria ?

Malaria: symptoms treatment and prevention :- Malaria is a mosquito borne disease caused by plasmodium which is transmitted by the bite of infected female anopheles mosquito. There are four kind of malaria parasite that and infect human plasmodium ovale, plasmodium vivas, plasmodium malariae, and plasmodium falciparum.

The plasmodium causes a more server from of the disease and those who contract this form of Malaria have a higher risk of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her baby at birth. This is known as congenital malaria. Malaria is transmitted by the blood so it can also be transmitted through

  • An organ transplant
  • A transfusion
  • Use of shared needles or syringes

Symptoms

 

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Fatigue pain ( bone /back)
  • Skin (chills, sweating)
  • Dry cough
  • Enlargement
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Diagnosis of Malaria

 

  1. Medical history
  2. Physical examination
  3. Laboratory diagnosis

Treatment of malaria

To treat malaria we most understand 2 concept.

The geographic pattern of susceptibility of plasmodium falciparum to antumalarial drugs.

Types of plasmodium species causing the infection.