Ebola Virus Disease symptoms and prevention

Ebola Virus Disease symptoms and prevention :– Ebola virus disease is rare and deadly disease most commonly affecting people non-human primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees). It is caused by an infection with a group of virus with in the genus ebolavirus.

Ebola Virus Disease symptoms and prevention
Ebola Virus Disease symptoms and prevention
  • Ebola virus (species Zaire ebolavirus)
  • Sudan virus (species sudan ebolavirus )
  • Tia forest virus ( species Tia forest ebolavirus )
  • Bundibugyo virus
  • Reston virus
  • Bombali virus

Of these only four (Ebola, sudden, Tai forest and bundibugya virus) are known to cause disease in people.

Reston virus is known as cause disease in non-human primates and pig,. but not in people. It is unknown if Bomboli virus which was recently identified in bat, caused disease in either animal or people.

Ebola Virus was first discovered in 1976 near the ebola river in what is now Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then the virus has been in infecting people from time to time, leading to outbreak in several African countries . Scientist do not known where ebola virus come from. However based on the nature of similar virus they believe the virus animal borne with bat being the most likely source. The bats caringing the virus can transmit it to other animal like Ape, monkey and humans.

Symptoms

Early on ebola can feel like Flu or other illness. Symptoms show up 2 – 21 days after infections and usually include.

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite

Cause

Ebola outbreak occur when the viruses is transmitted first from and infected animal to a human and then between human .

The viral infection is spread from animal to human through contact with infected wild life such as bats, chimp and gorillas.

EVD is transmitted from person to person by direct contact via bodily Fluids and secretions from infected people such as

  • Blood
  • Breast milk
  • Semen
  • Sweat
  • Stool
  • Urine
  • Vomit

Treatment

Symptoms of ebola virus disease are treated as they appear when use early basic intervention can significantly improve the chance of survival these include

  • Providing Fluids and electrolytes through infusion into the vein.
  • Offering oxygen therapy to maintain oxygen status
  • Using medication to support Blood Pressure reduce vomiting and diarrhoea and the managed fever and pain
  • Treating other infection.

Antiviral drugs

There is currently no antiviral drug licence by the u.s. food and drug administration(FDA) to treat ebola virus disease in people.

Prevention of Ebola

  • Wash your hands frequently using soap and water.
  • Make sure Fruit and Vegetables are properly washed and peeled before you eat them.
  • Avoid physical contact with anyone
  • Don’t handle dead animal or their raw meat
  • Don’t eat bushmeat.