Common Problem of Oral Cavity
Common Problem of Oral Cavity :- The oral cavity consists of two positions the vestibule and the oral cavity proper. The vestibule is the left b/w the lips and cheek externally. The oral cavity proper is bounded by the alveolar arches teeth and gums and palate and tongue.
- Bad Breath
- Tooth Decay
- Gum Bleeding
- Oral Cancer
- Tooth Sensitivity
Bad breath is breath that has an unpleasant odor. It’s also known as halitosis. This odor can strike from time to time, or it can be long lasting depending on the cause.
Causes of Bad Breath
- Poor dental hygiene :- Infrequent or improper brushing and flossing, which allows bits of food to decay inside the mouth.
- Infections in the mouth :- Periodontal (Gum) disease
- Respiratory tract infection :- throat, sinus or lug infections .
- External agents :- garlic, Onions, coffee cigarette smoking, chewing tobacco.
- Dry Mouth :- Caused by salivary gland problems medicines or mouth breathing.
- Systemic illnesses :- Diabetes liver disease kidney disease, lung disease, sinus disease, reflex disease, and others.
- Psychiatric illness :- Some people may believe they have bad breath , but other do not notice it. This is referred to as pseudo halitosis.
To reduce or prevent bad breath
- Brush your teach after you eat keep a tooth brush at work to use after eating.
- Floss at least once a day.
- Brush your tongue
- Clean dentures or dental applications
- Avoid dry mouth
- Adjust your diet
- Regularly get a new toothbrush
- Schedule regular dental checkups.
Tooth decay also known as dental caries or cavities is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black. The most common bacteria associated with dental cavities are the mutants streptococci most prominently streptococcus mutant and streptococcus sobrinus and lactobacilli
- Accumulation of food particles.
- Accumulation of bacteria in gelatinous mass called as plague.
- Anacrobic fermentation of sugar in saliva.
- Release of lactic acid
- Breakdown of minerals present enamel
- Affect internal compound dentin pulp tissue
- Low sugar containing diet
- Low fluoriode
- Proper brushing
Bleeding gums in one of the most common condition affecting the oral cavity. Bleeding gums indicates a slowly progressing disease of the gum which may further involve the bone supporting the teeth and ultimately result in tooth loss.
- Poor oral hygiene and tabacco use
- Vitamin K or C deficiency
- Brushing too hard
- Improper flossing
- Infection which can be either tooth or gum related
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Use of blood thinners.
- Applying pressure :- gum bleeding can be controlled by applying pressure with a gauze pad soaked in ice water directly to the bleeding gums.
- Proper dental hygiene :- If long standing inflammation is the cause of bleeding them removal of the source of bacteria will result in improvement of the condition
- Vitamin Supplement :- For vitamin deficiency, proper diet or vitamin supplements are recommended
- Brush teeth gently after every meal.
- Rinsing the mouth with salt water or hydrogen peroxide and water.
- If artificial teeth make gums bleed wear them only during meals.
Oral cancer also known as mouth cancer, this is cancer of the lining of the lips mouth, or upper throat. In the mouth it most commonly starts as s painless white patch, that thickness , develops red patch, an ulcer and subgroup of head and neck cancers.
- Tabacco and alcohol use.
- HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
- A weekend immune system
- Age :- Risk increase with age oral cancer most often occur in people over the age of 40
- Sun Exposure :- cancer of the lips can be by sun exposure.
Symptoms of Oral Cancer
- A lip or mouth sore that doesn’t heal
- A white or reddish patch on the inside of your mouth.
- Loose teeth
- A growth lump inside your mouth
- Mouth pain
- Ear pain
- Difficult or painful swallowing.
Treatment of oral cancer
Treatment of oral Cancer depends on yous cancer location’s and stage as well as your overall health and peronal preferences. You may have just one types of treatment or you may undergo a combination of cancer treatment. Treatment option include surgery, medication and chemotherapy. Discuss your options with your doctors.
Sensitive teeth or simply tooth sensitivity is tooth discomfort in one or more teeth that’s triggered by not, cold, sweet or sour foods and drinks or even by breathing cold air. They pain can be sharp and sudden and can shoot deep into the nerve ending of your teeth. The most common trigger is col;d with 75% of people with sensitivity reporting pain upon application of a cold stimulus.
- Brushing too hard
- Tooth decay near the gum line
- Recession of the gum
- Gum Disease
- Cracked teeth
- There is decay around the edges of filling
- Tooth whitening products
- Your age – highest b/w ages 25 to 30
Treatment of tooth sensitivity
- Desensitizing toothpaste . There are several brand of toothpaste for sensitive teeth available.
- Use a soft bristled toothbrush
- Avoid highly acidic foods
- Use a fluoridated mouthwash daily
- Avoid teeth grinding. consider getting a mouth guard.