Chicken Pox : Prevention and Control

Chicken Pox : Prevention and Control :- Chicken pox is an acute extremely contagious infection caused by-” Varicella Zoster Virus” (VZV). It is benign illness of childhood characterized by exanthomatous vesicular rash. Occurs mainly in children under 10 years of age . Uncommon in adults. Incubation period about 14-16 days.

Chicken Pox : Prevention and Control
Chicken Pox : Prevention and Control

Causative Agent

  • Varicella zoster virus (V-Z virus)

Transmission

  • Droplets infection
  • Freshly contaminated formalities use by the patients can transmits disease.
  • Virus can cross placental barrier and may affect fetus.

Sign and Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Appearance of rash in the form of crop on trunk, face and limbs.
  • Macules

Prevention and Control

  • Notification
  • Isolation form 6 days after the onset of rash.
  • Disinfection of articles contaminated by nose and throat discharges.
  • For prevention varicella zoster immunoglobulin can be given within 72 hours of exposure.

 

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