Anti tussives classification of drugs

Anti tussives classification of drugs :– Cough is a protective reflex which help to remove irritant matter from the respiratory track. Cough may be productivity associated with a large volume of sputum or a dry cough that is without much sputum. The main causes of cough are anĀ  infection of any part of the respiratory tract or other disease like asthma, tuberculasis and lungs cancer. Along with the symptomatic treatment of the cough, specific treatment of the disease has to be undertaken.

Anti-tussives classification of drugs
Anti-tussives classification of drugs

Anti-tussive

Anti tissue are drugs which produce a symptomatic relief from cough. Anti tussive are valuable in suppressing drug and unprotective cough. It is necessary to find the causes of cough for proper treatment.

Classification

  1. Opioids
  • Codine
  • Pholcodeine
  • Morphine
  • Ethymorphine

2. Non-opioids

  • Noscapine
  • Dextromethorphan
  • Oxeladin
  • Chlophedianol

3. Antihistamins

  • Chlorpheniramine
  • Diphenhydramine
  • Prometazine

Opioids

  • Codeine :- Codeine is a commonly used narcotic and reducing agent. It is Highly Effective having much less liability to produce drug dependence as compared to strong narcotics such as Morphine and other opiate like drug. Dose of Codeine phosphate is 8 to 15 mg thrice or four time a day orally.

Side effect

 

  • Pholcodine :- It has similar properties to codeine and has low analgesic and addictive properties.

Dose :- Dose is 10-15 mg

Dose :- 2-4 mg

  • Ethylmorphine :- It is similar to codeine

Dose :- 10-15 mg

Non-opioids

Noscapine :- it is also an opium alkaloid.It has a muscle- relaxant effect. Its antitussive effect is equal to that codeine. It is highly effective and quite safe.

Dose:- 15 – 30 mg 3-4 times a day

Side effect

  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Allergic rhinitis

Antihistamines

Many H1 antihistamines have been conventionally added to anti-tussive expectorant formulation. They afford relief in cough due to their sedative and anticholinergic actions but lack selectivity for the cough centre.